The Ecological Restoration Student Association (ERSA) is a self-governed, elected association made to represent students enrolled in the Masters of Science in Ecological Restoration program – jointly offered by BCIT and SFU.
My name is Jan and my ARP is focused on the bottom of the food chain in the south arm marshes of the Fraser river estuary. invertebrates live in the sediment and are primary consumers, which are important in bringing solar energy, that was harvested by plants, up the food chain to higher trophic. Juvenile salmon use the marshes as places to feed on the invertebrates and hide until they are large enough to go out to the ocean.
In the past 50 years the south arm marshes have seen the arrival of the european cattail which is an invasive plant species known for growing in large monotypic stands. The cattail is highly competitive making it difficult for native plant species to grow in these stands. My ARP is aimed at determining what impacts this invasive cattail is having on the local invertebrate communities.
To determine invertebrate community composition and diversity I took 50 sediment cores 25 from invasive cattail stands and 25 from native vegetation dominated areas. The cores were sifted to remove the sediment and leave only the invertebrates and the organic materials for analysis. The samples are then going to be sent off to a lab to determine what invertebrates are in each core as well as the number of each invertebrate.
Western Painted Turtle Predation Research – Cassie Friesen
This summer I have been working on the Sunshine Coast for my Applied Research Project (ARP). The best part about my research is that I get to work with turtles every day! My research is investigating predation of the endangered Western Painted Turtle species here on the Coast and will focus on a long-term solution to protecting these turtles.
The Western Painted Turtle is the only remaining native freshwater turtle here in B.C. Previous work has been done to increase its nesting habitat by installing various turtle nesting beaches. These were created in hopes to increase the populations reproductive rates. But these beaches now create a problem, and experience higher rates of predation due to densification of nests.
For my research I implemented two enclosure designs at various installed turtle nesting beaches along the Sunshine Coast. These enclosures are designed to allow for free roaming access to the turtles, while protecting the hatchlings and eggs from avian predators, such as ravens. I monitor these sites in person weekly and have multiple wildlife cameras set up to capture all the critters that pass by. Thankfully I had my experiment all set up before COVID-19 restrictions (early March) so I was able to carry on with my work without too many issues. I currently live on the Sunshine Coast while my experiment continues, and I hope to see significant results in the fall.
Back in November, students in the first-year cohort travelled to Denman Island for their first field trip as a class. Throughout the weekend, we met with the community members and visited potential restoration sites across the island. On our final day on the island, we presented three different restoration ideas for the sites that we visited to a group of community members. It was a great weekend that allowed us to step away from the classroom and have a hands-on learning experience.
When we arrived on the Friday afternoon, a small group of community members joined us and presented one restoration project idea at Windy Marsh. The marsh had been cut into two when a road was built across it, which altered the hydrology of the marsh. The community members that live around the marsh want the natural flow to be restored so the marsh can be restored.
The next morning, we were up and out early to explore the island and visit more restoration sites. The first stop was Hinton Beach, where aquaculture activities are taking place on both sides of Baynes Sound. The beach has been compacted by vehicles that are related to the aquaculture activities. As well, plastics and other garbage from the aquaculture has begun to wash up along the beach. The community members are interested in finding a way to minimize the impact of the aquaculture on the beach environment and the species that rely on it.
The next couple of spots were related to re-connecting Windy Marsh to Morrison Marsh. One of the community members allowed us to come on to their property to get a better view of the marsh. We also went to another resident’s property on Morrison Marsh to look at the road that split the two marshes as well as a weir that helps prevent a local beaver from damming the marsh outflow.
We headed by to the camp and had a delicious lunch that was catered by a local chief. Following lunch, we headed out again for the last stop of the day. We went to Morningside Park to look at the bluffs along the beach. The bluffs are beginning to fail and the local residents are concerned that the slope might fail. The combination of beach and sunny weather made for a great final stop on our little tour of the island.
Following the beach site, we headed back to the camp, we were staying at and divided into groups to begin working on potential restoration ideas for each site. We also had one final presenter, the land manager of the Denman Conservancy Association, to tell us about the work that has been done on the island to help bring back the Taylor’s Checkerspot butterfly (Euphydryas editha taylori). The butterfly species is considered Endangered under the federal Species at Risk Act and considered ‘critically imperilled’ on the global conservation rating. The decline of the butterfly species is directly related to anthropogenic activities, such as habitat conversion, and the population has drastically shrunk across the eastern Vancouver Island area.
The rest of the night was dedicated to us finishing off our restoration ideas so that they are ready for presentation the next morning. Between the beautiful sunset and the delicious dinner we had, it was a great final night on the island. The next morning, we headed to the local community centre to present our restoration ideas to a small group of residents. It was a great experience to interact with the community and it was a fantastic way to cap off a great weekend.
As the winter rains set in, here’s a post harkening back to our summer adventures. We’ve been posting fieldwork photos on our new Instagram account (check out the latest posts in the sidebar). Here’s an aggregation of what some of the second-year cohort got up to over the summer while collecting data for their Applied Research Projects.
This March, the first year cohort of MSc Ecological Restoration students joined the undergraduate ER students on a field trip up the east coast of Vancouver Island, starting in Victoria and ending up at Campbell River. As well as having a chance to explore the beautiful landscapes of the Island, we toured various restoration projects and learned about techniques and challenges from the practitioners on the ground.
Each year, the first-year cohort of ER Master’s students complete a Field Course to gain hands-on skills in sampling techniques and a practical understanding of study design for various types of surveys.
The course is divided into Aquatic and Terrestrial modules. This year, it ran on Fridays-Saturdays through March and April, which made for a hectic end-of-semester. On the other hand, it got us us outside in the field a fair amount which was a great change of pace.
On February 28th, ERSA held its annual Research Showcase. This year, our showcase consisted of a poster day with the second-year cohort presenting their Applied Research Projects.
To kick off the event we had two alumni, Erin Roberts and Chloe Hartley, speak. They talked about about their Applied Research Projects and career paths after the program, and their advice for current students. This boiled down to being engaged in restoration by getting yourself out there and meeting people in the field. That seemed like solid advice, so we put it directly into action, mingling for the next few hours and checking out the wide variety of projects that the second-year cohort had completed.
Erin Roberts and Chloe Hartley, our alumni presenters talk about their career paths after graduation
It was a great chance to meet new people and catch up with people in different cohorts, as well as connect with project partners, graduates, and professors. For the presenters it also gave us a chance to talk about our research, and think about how to formulate answers to questions that might come up in our defences.
Our second-year presenters discussing their posters
A big shout-out to our ERSA co-Chairs, Sarah Bird and Keith MacCallum, for the massive amount work that went into making this event such a success! We’d like to thank the planning committee (Keith, Tim, Heather, Alex, Kate, Katie Moore, Katie Weise, & Darian) for their hard work. We appreciate that Wayne Hand, the Dean of Construction and the Environment at BCIT, and Steven Kuan, the Associate Dean, attended our Showcase. Further thanks to alumni Erin and Chloe for giving presentations and to all of the people from outside the program who came out to attend.
Plants can interact with their ecosystems in a variety of ways. Facilitation is when these changes increase the survival, growth or reproduction of neighbouring plants. It is most commonly studied in arid and alpine ecosystems, but there is increasing evidence that it is a ubiquitous effect across all ecosystems.
Facilitative effects are important to ecological restoration. When they are properly understood, they can contribute to effective planning of plantings by creating better conditions for the growth of plants.
My study looked for potential facilitative interactions that might improve the growth of two shrub species common in Lower Mainland riparian forests.
Learning how to write effective proposals is a key skill for restoration practitioners, and a main focus of one of our courses, Project Management & Policy for Ecological Restoration (ECO 622). One group of students chose to write a proposal for the Nature Trust of British Columbia. In an exciting development, showing us just how realistic our coursework can be, the proposal was approved and funded. This allowed a group of students to implement the vegetation and habitat survey they designed over the summer of 2018.
In early May, we completed a physical and biological grassland assessment outside of Osoyoos, B.C. We wanted to determine if this property would be suitable habitat for reintroduction of the extirpated and SARA-listed Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia hypugaea).